Scottish Battles - Otterburn to Lochaber.
5th August 1388 Battle
night I dreamed a dreary dream,
From beyond the Isle of Skye,
I saw a dead man win a fight,
And I think that man was I."
The Battle of Otterburn
(Sir Walter Scott's Border Minstrelsy)
On a moonlit night in Northumberland, the Scots army under James, 2nd
Earl of Douglas defeated an 800 strong English contingent under Henry
Percy (“Hotspur”), son of the 1st Earl of Northumberland. To some
extent both armies were taken by surprise; the English assuming the
Scots were some distance ahead of them when they came across them
setting up camp. Douglas was killed in the hand- to-hand fighting, but
the Scots fought on unaware of the fate of their leader until the
English dispersed. Hotspur was taken prisoner and later ransomed.
28th September 1396 Battle of the North Inch
Although the details are subject to much speculation and
reinterpretation, this was a planned dual between the Clan Chattan
Federation (which comprised clans Mackintosh, Macpherson, MacBean,
Davidson, MacGillivrays and Shaws) and Clan Kay, which some historians
believe to have been Clan Cameron, traditional enemies of Clan Chattan.
For some time, King Robert III had been attempting to persuade the two
warring factions to settle their differences amicably and, through the
mediation of the 1st Earl of Crawford, it was agreed that a contest
would take place. The Chiefs agreed and, in front of a large number of
spectators including the King, met on the banks of the River Tay at
Perth. Evenly matched, thanks to the last minute recruitment of Henry
Smith, a local armourer, a violent conflict took place on the North
Inch with Clan Chattan emerging victorious.
22nd June 1402 Battle
of Nesbit or Nisbet Moor
Two years earlier there had been an English incursion into Scotland led
by the traitorous George, 1st Earl of Dunbar and Henry “Hotspur” Percy.
This had left many Border towns and villages in flames until Archibald,
4th Earl of Douglas, husband of King Robert III's daughter Margaret,
had chased the perpetrators off.
The Scots retaliated with a series of raids over the Border and looting
Carlisle. However, following one such foray a contingent of 400 Scots
was confronted and defeated at Nisbet in Berwickshire by Dunbar and a
large force of English soldiers.
14th September 1402 Battle of Homildon Hill
(sometimes called Humbleton
This was the outcome of yet another pillaging foray by the Scots into
England led by the 4th Earl of Douglas. On this occasion they
were intercepted and overwhelmed on their return by an army led by
Hotspur and Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, himself.
Douglas was among the prisoners
24th July 1411 Battle
Slab of Gilbert de Greenlaw, Bishop of Aberdeen, slain at the battle of
Harlaw in 1411
Essentially this was a clan battle fought near Inverurie in
Aberdeenshire between the Gaels of the West Coast and the Highlanders
of the East Coast. When the Duke of Albany, acting as Regent in
Scotland, annexed the earldom of Ross, Donald, Lord of the Isles,
marched on Ross with 10,000 followers. Having captured Dingwall Castle,
he turned towards Aberdeen where he was opposed by Alexander Stewart,
Earl of Mar. A bloodbath followed with Donald retreating back to the
Western Isles and there were heavy losses on both sides.
22nd July 1415 Battle
A force of 4,000 Scots invaded northern England while King Henry V was
preoccupied at the Battle of Agincourt in northern France. They were
decisively defeated on the edge of the Cheviot Hills by 440 men led by
Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland.
Dunbar Castle had been forfeited to the Scottish Crown by the 11th Earl
of March and, with the assistance of the 2nd Earl of Northumberland, he
made an attempt to win it back from its occupant, William, 2nd Earl of
Angus, Warden of the Scottish Marches. Angus received warning of this
and intercepted the English army at Cockburnspath in Berwickshire,
taking a large number of prisoners.
June 1429 Battle
When James I returned to Scotland from captivity in England in 1424, he
determined to bring his northern kingdom under his direct control.
Alexander, 3rd Lord of the Isles, was equally determined to assert his
rights, in particular his claim to the earldom of Ross. He therefore
marched his Highland army up the Great Glen and burned the town of
Inverness as a challenge. On his return journey, however, the King's
supporters caught up with him near Fort William. In the ensuing battle
it appears that various clans such as the Camerons and the Mackintoshes
changed sides, and Alexander fled to the islands. He later surrendered
to James in Edinburgh and following a period of imprisonment in
Tantallon Castle was allowed to go free.
Scottish Battles (continued)