Elliot Clan Crest
Elliot Clan Crest: An armoured hand holding a cutlass.
Elliot Clan Motto: Fortiter Et Recte (Boldly and Rightly).
Elliot Clan History:
The Elliot(t)s, or Elwaldes, arrived in Teviotdale in the reign of Robert I and were soon established as one of the great 'riding clans' of the Scottish Borders. The Elliots of Redheugh appear as early as 1400, and, according to clan tradition, Robert Ellot of Redheugh, 10th Chief, was made Captain of a tower overlooking the Hermitage Water, north of Newcastleton. James, 15th Chief, was killed with James IV at the Battle of Flodden in 1513.
From 1565, there commenced a feud between the Elliots and the Scotts, after Scott of Buccleugh, the ancestor of the current Duke of Buccleuch, executed four Elliots for stealing cattle. In the following years, Border clan warfare and cattle thieving escalated with constant feuding between the Elliots, Maxwells, Pringles, Armstrongs, Kerrs and Johnstones, until James VI finally decided to put an end to it. Robert Eliott of Redheugh escaped to Fife and, as a result, Redheugh passed to his cousins, the Elliotts of Stobs.
Sir Gilbert Eliott of Stobs, was created a Nova Scotia baronet by Charles II, and was recognised as Chief of the Clan in 1673. His descendant, George Augustus Eliott defended Gibralter in 1782 and was created Lord Heathfield, the title becoming dormant within a generation.
Gilbert Elliot (1651-1718), who descended from a branch of the Stobs family was under forfeiture as an accessory to the Covenanters Rebellion of 1679, but following a full pardon was made a baronet and became a Lord of Session, taking the Scottish legal title of Lord Minto. The 2nd Baronet, another Gilbert, also became Lord of Session. The 3rd Baronet, became Lord of the Admiralty and Keeper of the Signet in Scotland, and the 4th Baronet, Viceroy of Corsica and Governor General of Bengal (1807-13). In 1813, he was created Baron Minto, Viscount Melgund and 1st Earl of Minto.
The 4th Earl of Minto (1847-1914) was appointed Governor-General of Canada before succeeding Lord Curzon as Viceroy of India in 1905. Jane Elliot (1727-1805), daughter of Gilbert Elliot, Lord Minto, wrote the words to The Flowers of the Forest. Walter Elliot (1888-1958) was Secretary of State for Scotland 1936-38.
From the 17th century, Eliot(t)s have been scattered around the world. but it was not until 1977 that the Eliot Clan Society came into being, formed by Sir Arthur Elliot of Stobs, 11th Baronet.
Surname distribution within Scotland: The highest concentrations of the Elliot name are in the Scottish Borders (Berwickshire, Peeblesshire, Roxburghshire, Selkirkshire and a portion of Midlothian), Dumfries and Galloway (Dumfriesshire, Kirkcudbrightshire and Wigtownshire), Edinburgh City and Lothian (Linlithgowshire, Edinburghshire, Haddingtonshire).
Places of Interest:
Stobs Castle, near Hawick. Roxburghshire. Sold by the Eliotts in 1905.
Hermitage Castle, situated in an isolated glen, north of Newcastleton, was part of a defence system which ran through Liddesdale. Hermitage Castle was held by the Elliot Chiefs as Captains.
Minto House, near Hawick. Home of the earls of Minto. Originally a 16th century fort, it was encased by a William Adam house in 1743, and altered by William Playfair in 1837. It was demolished amid much consternation in 1992.
Redheugh, near Newcastleton, Roxburghshire. Except for two short periods, this has been held by the Eliott family since the 14th century.
Clan Elliot member certificates.