Clan Campbell of Breadalbane
Campbell of Breadalbane Clan Crest: A boars head.
Campbell of Breadalbane Clan Motto: Follow Me.
Campbell of Breadalbane Clan History:
The Campbells of Glenorchy (Breadalbane) descend
from Black Colin of Glenorchy, 3rd son of Sir Duncan Campbell of Loch
Awe, 1st Lord Campbell, by his wife Lady Marjorie Stewart. With the
dispersal of the MacGregors from Glenorchy during the late 15th
century, Sir Duncan gifted the lands to Black Colin who, through
marriage to the co-heiress of John, Lord of Lorne, also inherited
one-third of the lands of Lorne. It was he who built the castle of
Kilchurn at the north east end of Loch Awe, to command the gateway to
the Western Highlands. By this stage, it was said, the Chief of
Glenorchy could travel from the east end of Loch Tay to the coast of
Argyll without leaving his own land.
In 1681, John Campbell of Glenorchy, 1st Earl of Breadalbane and
Holland, having won
favour with William of Orange, was given the responsibility of ensuring that Highland Jacobite
chiefs came to terms with King William's invasion, although he is known
to have taken a relatively impartial stance. This was totally
compromised in 1692 when his cadet clan, Campbell of Glenlyon,
implicated him in the massacre of the MacIan Macdonalds on Glencoe.
In 1831, John, 4th Earl, was created 1st Marquess of Breadalbane, but
with the death of the 2nd Marquess, the title became extinct. In 1885,
his kinsman Gavin, 7th Earl of Breadalbane, was created Marquis in his
own right, although he too died without issue and the title again
Places of Interest:
Kilchurn Castle, Loch Awe, Argyll. built by Sir
Colin Campbell of Glenorchy in 1440, although tradition has it that it
was built by his wife, Sir Colin having been away on a Crusade at the
Taymouth Castle, Kenmore, Perthshire. A
castle was built here by Colin Campbell of Glenorchy in 1550 on the
site of what had been Balloch Castle. In 1842, Queen Victoria and her
Consort, Prince Albert, were guests here of the Marquess of
Breadalbane. The Taymouth Estate was broken up after the First World
War. Although currently unoccupied, the castle is looked after by a
Edinample Castle, Loch Earn, Perthshire. Sir
Duncan Campbell built a castle here in the 17th century on the site of
a former MacGregor stronghold.
Finlarig Castle, near Killin, Perthshire. This was the 16th century
seat of the Campbells of Glenorchy. The Scottish Parliament
was summoned to meet here in 1651, but only three members turned up.
Beside the castle stand the remnants of the Breadalbane Mausoleum, a
Tudor chapel erected in 1829.
Campbell of Breadalbane membership certificates.